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Both pieces also have a Duty Mark (Queen Victoria).The French assay mark for sterling silver is the head of the goddess Minerva.
The first letter indicates the city and the second letter is the first letter of the silversmith's last name. In 1948 the "Eagle" was instituted by the Mexican government.EPNS stands for "Electro-plated Nickel Silver" (in this case, it is also marked "chrome plated") "Nickel silver" is an alloy of copper, nickel and sometimes zinc, but actually contains no silver. FASHIONCRAFT NY, NY 1942-1979, Robert Levy There was a line of Fashioncraft jewelry made that looked similar to the Hobe wire work pieces. The name Fashioncraft was used first in the early 1940s and then, according to Fred Rezazadeh's book "Costume Jewelry", about 1960 the name "Originals by Robert" began to be used.GEMCRAFT Information courtesy of Barbara Soroka: I have sent close-up photographs of their mark which was "CRAFT" followed by the copyright symbol.One concave line represented 140/1000 fineness, a straight one 150 and a convex one 160.For example, a Diana head within a frame made in the shape of a 5-petal flower represented 5x160 = 800 thousands fineness, a local silver standard commonly used in table forks and spoons.
These five nations have, historically, provided a wealth of information about a piece through their series of applied punches.